In this tutorial, we will show you how to calculate the distance between two locations geolocated by using latitude and longitude in PHP. This distance calculation uses the **Spherical Law of Cosines**, which uses trigonometry to measure the curvature of the earth, to accurately measure the distances on the Earth.

```
<?php
function distance($lat1, $lon1, $lat2, $lon2, $unit) {
if (($lat1 == $lat2) && ($lon1 == $lon2)) {
return 0;
}
else {
$theta = $lon1 - $lon2;
$dist = sin(deg2rad($lat1)) * sin(deg2rad($lat2)) + cos(deg2rad($lat1)) * cos(deg2rad($lat2)) * cos(deg2rad($theta));
$dist = acos($dist);
$dist = rad2deg($dist);
$miles = $dist * 60 * 1.1515;
$unit = strtoupper($unit);
if ($unit == "K") {
return ($miles * 1.609344);
} else if ($unit == "N") {
return ($miles * 0.8684);
} else {
return $miles;
}
}
}
echo distance(32.9697, -96.80322, 29.46786, -98.53506, "M") . " Miles<br>";
echo distance(32.9697, -96.80322, 29.46786, -98.53506, "K") . " Kilometers<br>";
echo distance(32.9697, -96.80322, 29.46786, -98.53506, "N") . " Nautical Miles<br>";
?>
```

The code above creates the function named **distance **to calculate the distance between two locations. It implies the simple spherical law of cosines that gives well-conditioned results down to distances as small as a few meters on the Earth’s surface. The distance function makes use of the spherical law of cosines formula `cos `

and derived into the distance calculation.*c* = cos *a* cos *b* + sin *a* sin *b* cos *C*

Parameters that are passed to the distance function are:**lat1**, **lon1** = Latitude and Longitude of point 1 in decimal degrees**lat2**, **lon2 **= Latitude and Longitude of point 2 in decimal degrees**unit **= the unit you desire for results where ‘M’ is the statute miles (default), ‘K’ is kilometers and ‘N’ is nautical miles